Rats are intelligent and social animals that can make wonderful pets that make rat care easy compared to other species of rodents. They are easy to tame and relatively easy to care for. Rats are very social and will feel better when accompanied by other rats. Males will generally get along with other males especially if they are introduced at a young age. Keeping groups of rats does not make them more difficult to tame if handled from a young age. Rats are very inquisitive and curious. Many owners compare the companionship of a rat to that of a dog.
The main diseases of rats are respiratory , you have to be very attentive, because they have a very debilitating effect, we have to act quickly and take her to the vet. But apart from the respiratory there are more:
- Tumors: Also very common, especially in females because their mammary glands are spread over a very large area that goes from the armpits to the groin. In males they are not so frequent, and the incidence increases after 18 months of age.
The key to fighting tumors is early cure. Check your rat whenever you can and when you see something that is out of the ordinary (a lump in case of a tumor) take it to the vet l. ….. as soon as possible.
- Diet problems: Rats are rodents, and as such, they have constant growth of their teeth throughout their lives. If the wear of these is not adequate, it will continue to grow and can cause serious health problems for our pet. The upper incisors twist around each other and may spiral out of the oral cavity. Instead, the lower incisors grow upward and out of the oral cavity, and become virtually unusable.
In case of noticing anything abnormal in its stool, take the animal to the vet so he can cut or extract the affected teeth.
These are not diseases, but they are important to know.
- Deworming: All animals have parasites in their body, that is why animals that have their entire body covered with hair tend to scratch. The problem begins when these parasites multiply in large numbers uncontrollably or others appear that should not be there. When we notice that the animal scratches excessively, we must deworm it. so you have to take him to the vet. Deworming should be done every 3 to 6 months.
- Porphyrin: Many times we can observe that our rat has blood in the nose or around the eyes. This kind of blood is called porphyrin and it is a reddish liquid secreted by the glands that rats have under their eyes. If it comes out a little, which is normal, it is the presence of good health, appearing in times of stress or rest. In case of observing an excess of this, we will go to the vet to rule out health problems.